What is Premenstrual Syndrome?
Premenstrual Syndrome – PMS is a condition that affects women only. PMS is related to a woman’s menstrual cycle and symptoms occur approximately 7-10 days prior to period. PMS involves a myriad of symptoms and is thought to occur due to an insufficient production of progesterone.
Studies show that serotonin levels are significantly lower during PMS. This discrepancy in serotonin may explain symptoms of anxiety, moodiness, irritability, and depression. Another common symptom of PMS is fluid retention (bloating), which may be caused by the impact of progesterone and estrogen on kidney function, affecting the levels of salt and results in fluid retention.
What are the Symptoms of PMS?
Experiencing only 3-4 of the symptoms can be a sufficient indication of PMS.
- Insomnia or excessive sleep, abdominal bloating, discomfort and cramping, feelings of irritability and irrational anger or rage, anxiety, depression, brain fog.
- Skin breakouts, back pain, breast tenderness, low libido, easily bruised, joint swelling or pain, nausea and vomiting, salt or sweet food cravings.
If you experience severe behavioral and emotional symptoms that interfere with daily activities, it may represent a condition called Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD). Additionally, if you are experiencing menstrual pain and heavy bleeding with clots, it may be indicative of a more serious condition such as, endometriosis, uterine fibroids, or pelvic inflammatory disease. An evaluation by a gynecologist can confirm these conditions if these symptoms persist.
Do not delay, and see your health care provider immediately if you are experiencing the symptoms above as well as symptoms of despair, fatigue, and hopelessness. PMDD is a serious condition, and shouldn’t be ignored.
Treatment of Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)
It’s vital to understand that an individual and customized approach should be taken when assessing symptoms of PMS because every person may experience it differently. Recognizing the pattern of the symptoms can help to predict when the flare of symptoms will arise again.
The goal is to ease the severity of the symptoms and provide you with an integrative therapy that will aid in balancing hormones. Such methods may include vitamins, diet modification, herbal supplements, or bio-identical hormone replacement therapy.